Friday, June 12th, 2015

Cooney Lauded by Prairie State for Pro Bono Service

From left: Steve Greeley, Peter Carroll, Carlos Arévalo, Michelle Gehris and ZRFM's Melissa Cooney

From left: Steve Greeley, Peter Carroll, Carlos Arévalo, Michelle Gehris and ZRFM’s Melissa Cooney




Melissa A. Cooney of Zukowski, Rogers, Flood & McArdle, and three other McHenry County attorneys have been honored for their commendable and professional work.

The four were praised for their efforts at the McHenry County Legal Aid Awards on May 26, 2015. All of the honorees rendered outstanding pro bono service to clients of Prairie State Legal Services.

At the luncheon event, the Illinois Commission of Professionalism Executive Director Jayne Reardon gave the keynote address titled “Service: The Cornerstone of the Profession.” McHenry County Bar Association President Carlos Arévalo offered welcoming remarks and Associate Judge Robert A. Wilbrandt, Jr. of the 22nd Judicial Circuit presented the awards with Reardon and offered remarks.

Melissa Cooney was recognized for her admirable work in taking a pro bono divorce case that already was in progress.

The program for the event included comments by Cooney about why she devotes time to pro bono service, despite her busy practice.

“Making time for volunteering is not that difficult. I handle a pro bono case just like any other. When something needs to be filed or responded to, you do it in a timely fashion. You can’t put the pro bono case off to the side and get to it when you have extra time.

Melissa J. Cooney“I think it is everyone’s responsibility to take a legal aid client or other pro bono client and to have one such client at least once a year,” she says. “It takes time, but it reflects well on us all. We are helping someone out, and there is always enough time to take one on.”

Also acknowledged were Steve Greeley for outstanding support of Prairie State Legal Services, Peter Carroll for longtime volunteer service as a solo practitioner and Michelle Gehris for handing multiple cases in a year as a solo practitioner.

To learn more about Melissa A. Cooney, please view her professional credentials or read a recent profile of her in Leading Lawyers Magazine.

Wednesday, May 28th, 2014

A Victory for Enforcement of Administrative Adjudication

Many municipalities struggle with what to do about Adjudication Court scofflaws: property owners or vehicle owners who rack up violation after violation or parking ticket after parking ticket and refuse to pay or do not even show up for the proceedings.  Until two weeks ago, the McHenry County Circuit Court had refused to allow home rule municipalities to enforce their Administrative Adjudication judgments through the court.  The court’s refusal to allow the enforcement of administrative adjudication court judgments left municipalities powerless to collect their adjudication judgments when respondents refused to voluntarily pay their administrative adjudication fines.  We recently challenged the circuit court’s refusal to allow enforcement of administrative adjudication judgments in an appeal in the case of Lake in the Hills v. Dennis Niklaus, No. 2-13-0654.  The end result was a win for home rule municipalities and their administrative adjudication courts.

In the Niklaus case, a property owner had racked up over $45,000 in fines for continually violating the Village of Lake in the Hills’ ordinance prohibiting the placement of items in the roadway.  After the property owner continued to ignore the tickets issued to him and refused to pay his fines, we filed a copy of the adjudication court judgment in circuit court and then served a wage garnishment on the property owner’s employer.  The McHenry County Circuit Court then dismissed our proceedings and ruled that a home rule municipality could not enforce its administrative adjudication judgments in circuit court.  The ruling was particularly curious considering that the court recognized enforcement for non-home rule governments through the circuit court.  We appealed the ruling and on May 15, 2014, the Second District Appellate Court issued an opinion holding that “the method attempted by the Village to seek enforcement in this case was appropriate under division 2.1 of the Municipal Code and that once the orders were properly enrolled the Village could commence collection proceedings.”

The required procedure to enforce an administrative adjudication order in the circuit court is relatively simple.  Just as we argued in the appeal, the municipality need only wait until the time for administrative review has expired (typically 35 days) and then file a copy of the administrative adjudication order with the circuit clerk.  Once the administrative adjudication order is filed in the circuit court, the municipality can then issue wage garnishments to a respondent’s employer, file citations to discover assets to the respondent’s bank account (which allows the municipality to intercept funds in a respondent’s bank account), and can use any other collection tool allowed in the circuit courts.   As noted by the Appellate Court, use of this procedure by which the judgment is obtained in the administrative adjudication court but collected in the circuit court can greatly reduce litigation cost and allow for speedier resolution of ordinance violation matters.


Jennifer J. Gibson

Author: Jennifer J. Gibson


Wednesday, October 16th, 2013

Illinois State Police Release Concealed Carry Restricted Signage Requirements

The ISP recently released the appropriate sign to display in order to restrict Concealed Carry licensees from carrying handguns onto or into restricted premises.

The ISP provides a pdf version of the sign, which can also be provided to a printing company to supply more permanent versions of the sign.

Please note that the sign’s dimensions are restricted by the legislation to be exactly 4” x 6” to satisfy the signage requirement.  Our earlier article addresses restricted areas and the need for posting signage on various local government properties.  Seemingly a larger version sign could be placed at vehicle entrances of municipal parks and other areas where handguns may not even be brought into the parking area and secured in a vehicle, to ensure visibility.  Best practice, however, would be to also post the smaller 4” x 6” sign, because it is the only sign that satisfies the technical signage requirement.

Local governments can now begin requisitioning the signage.

Brad Stewart

Author: Brad Stewart

Wednesday, September 25th, 2013

ZRFM’s Illinois State Bar Association Articles Now Available

More than 20 articles published in Illinois State Bar Association newsletters and authored by Zukowski, Rogers, Flood & McArdle lawyers can be viewed now on ZRFM is the largest law firm in McHenry County, Illinois.

The articles address topics involving labor and employment, local government, administrative law, and antitrust and unfair competition. Individual newsletter articles can be located by linking from the titles listed in the publications section of each attorney’s Web site biography. They also appear below chronologically:

Friday, April 12th, 2013

Seminar for Newly Elected Illinois Officials Set for May 4

Newly elected officers, administrators, managers and long-standing elected officials may want to attend a half-day seminar on the ABCs of local government. The May 4 event is designed to give newly elected officials a jump start and to offer seasoned officers a refresher on the fundamentals of local government law, duties, and procedures.

The day begins at 8:30 a.m. at the Turnberry Country Club, 9600 Turnberry Trail, Lakewood. Registration starts at 8 a.m. and the day concludes with lunch once the program ends at 1 p.m.

You've-been-elected-2011Topics covered include local government meeting practice and procedures, Illinois “sunshine laws,” contracts, ethics and conflicts of interest rules, personnel, land use, finance and budget, and practical skills to increase effectiveness. The experienced team of Zukowski, Rogers, Flood & McArdle municipal lawyers will be available to field your questions. A representative from the McHenry County Council of Governments also will discuss the benefits of intergovernmental cooperation.

All attendees will receive a complimentary copy of Congratulations! You’ve Been Elected: Now What Do You Do? This book, now in its second edition and published by the Illinois Municipal League, serves as a useful handbook and resource for new and experienced officials.

To learn more about the seminar, please view the invitation on ZRFM’s local government law blog. To learn more about Congratulations! You’ve Been Elected: Now What Do You Do?, please view ZRFM’s books and publications page.

Saturday, April 6th, 2013

Northwest Herald Quotes ZRFM’s ‘Municipal Ten Commandments’

You've-been-elected-2011A cover story appearing in the March 29, 2013, edition of the Northwest Herald includes excerpts from a well-known section of the Zukowski, Rogers, Flood & McArdle book You’ve Been Elected! Now What Do You Do? A Practical Guide to Local Government

The print and online article by Emily K. Coleman titled “What to expect when you’re elected” referenced the guide to local government’s “Municipal Ten Commandments,” described on p. 48 of the book as the top practical tips for local government officials.

The commandments are:

  • Commandment 10: Don’t believe anyone who says, “Your predecessor promised . . .”
  • Commandment 9: We are all in relatively small communities so remember, almost everyone is related — be careful what you say and who you say it to. Watch out for foot and mouth disease: “Never put both feet in your mouth at the same time, because then you won’t have a leg to stand on!”
  • Commandment 8: Don’t forget, the walls of the city/township/village hall have eyes and ears. Everything you say or do will be spread far and wide and subsequently posted on Facebook or shared with the media.
  • Commandment 7: Do your homework — For goodness sake at least read the packet! You don’t want your community to look dumb or unprepared — same for yourself. If an issue involves a physical site in your municipality (e.g., a zoning change) visit the site.
  • Commandment 6: Listen to the public, staff, and other elected officials. There are two sides to every story. Don’t create a policy in response to one person’s mistake.
  • Commandment 5: No surprises! Keep everyone informed.
  • Commandment 4: Communicate! Communicate! Communicate — with the public, each other, and staff.
  • Commandment 3: Don’t get into a fight with someone who buys ink by the barrel! Make friends with the media and stay friends with the media! Don’t stonewall or withhold information, otherwise they will make it up, and you can’t retract it once it’s in print.
  • Commandment 2: You can’t do it by yourself! You are a part of a TEAM of elected officials and staff.
  • Commandment 1: Don’t make promises you or your municipality cannot keep! “Your city/township/village manager can do ANYTHING you want; he/she just can’t do EVERYTHING you want.”

To learn more about the second edition of ZRFM’s book, which is published by the Illinois Municipal League, or to order a copy, view the books and publications page of our website. To learn more about the authors, view the professional biographies of Richard G. Flood and Ruth Alderman Schlossberg.


Thursday, November 22nd, 2012

Distracted Driving: Cell Phones and the Law

by David J. Loughnane and Suzanne M. Stevens


Texting or using a cell phone or other electronic device while driving has made news headlines and is on the agenda of lawmakers due to the tragic results of this dangerous activity. This activity behind the wheel, and other forms of “distracted driving,” are annually more deadly and destructive than any terrorist attack in the United States.

Movie theaters have been successful in getting people to turn off their cell phones while sitting through a few hours of entertainment, but so far nothing has convinced drivers to switch off their electronic devices while sitting behind the wheel doing something that requires far more concentration.

Ironically, most drivers readily acknowledge the hazard of using a cell phone while driving. They just feel that they are capable of handling this activity and that the problem is with other drivers. The reality seems to be that until a person you know is hurt, most drivers simply ignore the increased risk of harm from using a cell phone. Moreover, not only do most drivers ignore the increased risk of injury or fatality, they also ignore the laws on texting and cell phone use that have increasingly been put in place across the country.

In this article, we will discuss the increased risk of injury related to cell phone use and other forms of “distracted driving,” some of the laws applicable to use of electronic devices while driving, and what you should do if you’re involved in a vehicular accident where you suspect another driver was paying attention to a cell phone or something else.

Risks of “Distracted Driving”

Distractions during driving were present long before mobile phones, smart phones, iPads and other portable electronic devices were invented. Driver distractions include eating or drinking, grooming, reading a map, looking through a purse or papers, using a radio or MP3 player, picking up something that dropped, refereeing the kids’ behavior, and gawking at events outside the car. “Distraction” is probably a misleading term since it implies something minor or temporary; a moving vehicle can inflict severe and permanent consequences.

What has made the problem both more frequent and worse in outcome is the proliferation of electronic devices, coupled with the notion that sitting behind the wheel of a vehicle is just like sitting anyplace else. Too many people believe it is OK to use this “down time” to multi-task. More recently, “distracted driving” has become synonymous with cell phones. But anything which diverts a driver’s attention is dangerous, no matter how briefly or how necessary it seems at the time.

Some perspective on the extent of the problem comes from the official U.S. government Web site dealing with distracted driving. It states that “18 percent of injury crashes in 2010 were reported as distraction-affected crashes.”[i] Further, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) estimates that in 2009 more than 5,400 people died in accidents involving a distracted driver, and nearly a half-million people were injured. What may be almost as noteworthy is that the percentage of distracted driver involvement in fatal accidents has made a very large jump.[ii]

The reasons why cell phone and electronic device use have enormous potential to cause driving injuries and deaths can be easily understood after considering a few facts:

  • A study by Carnegie Mellon’s Center for Cognitive Brain Imaging showed that the type of activity involved in talking on a cell phone or texting “draws mental resources away from the driving and produces deterioration in driving performance, even when it does not require holding or dialing a phone.” The study noted that functioning of the part of the brain dealing with spatial processing decreased by 37 percent while driving and using a cell phone.[iii]
  • A Virginia Tech Transportation Institute study for the federal government showed that sending or receiving a text takes a driver’s eyes from the road for an average of 4.6 seconds. At 55 mph, that equates to driving blind the entire length of a football field. According to the same study, text messaging creates a crash risk 23 times worse than driving while not distracted.[iv]
  • A Monash University study showed that drivers who use hand-held devices are four times more likely to get into crashes serious enough to injure themselves.[v]

The risks for teens and distracted driving are especially serious, according to a 2009 Pew Research study:

  • 82 percent of those ages 16 and 17 have a cell phone, and, of them, more than three-fourths text; 52 percent say they have talked on a cell phone while driving.
  • 48 percent of those between ages 12 and 17 report they have been in a car when the driver was texting; 40 percent say they have been in a car when the driver used a cell phone in a way that put someone in danger.[vi]

Those beyond their teen years are not off the hook when it comes to cell phone use. Though the percentage of cell phone users and the amount of cell phone usage declines as age increases, so does the knowledge and the dexterity to use a cellular device.

Altogether, in the month of June 2011, more than 196 billion text messages were sent or received in the United States – up nearly 50 percent in just two years.[vii] While we may all give ourselves a pass because “everybody does it” or “I’m more careful,” what these and other studies clearly show is that there is a significantly increased risk of harm to you and to others when using a cell phone or electronic device while driving.  Many people now recognize that “distracted driving” has overtaken “drunk driving” as the most destructive and unnecessary behavior on the highway.

Laws Related to Cell Phones, Texting or Use of Other Electronic Devices

In June 2012, U.S. News & World Report commented that 39 states and the District of Columbia ban texting while driving, while 10 states and the District of Columbia ban all handheld cell phone use while driving.[viii] What varies greatly from state to state is the activity that is restricted or prohibited (e.g. texting only; use of hand-held devices), to whom or when and where the law applies (e.g. “novice” drivers only; in special highway zones), and the way various activities or devices are defined.[ix]

Also, several federal regulations apply to certain vehicles and personnel (e.g. railroads, airlines, commercial trucks, bus drivers, and federal employees while on the job). In several states, including Illinois, local municipalities may enact their own, more-restrictive ordinances.[x]

Illinois statutes have made it illegal since January 1, 2010, for anyone – of any age – to drive and “text.”[xi] Section 625 ILCS 5/12-610.2 prohibits not only “composing” an electronic message, but also bans “sending” and “reading” a text, e-mail or instant message, or looking at the Internet.[xii]

As of July 20, 2012, digital photo and video were added to the list of banned objects. Any wireless phone, personal digital assistant or portable computer is included in the definition of an “electronic communications device” covered by this statute, but specifically excluded are navigation or global positioning systems (GPS) that are physically or electronically integrated into the motor vehicle. Also excluded are devices used in hands-free or voice-operated mode.

Section 625 ILCS 5/12-610.1 of the Illinois statutes prohibits all novice drivers under a certain age (whether using a learning permit or having received a full license) from driving “a vehicle on a roadway while using a wireless phone.” This law became effective July 15, 2005, and originally applied to everyone under age 18. It was expanded effective January 1, 2008, to include anyone less than 19 years of age.[xiii] Thus, no person in Illinois under 19 may use a cell phone or electronic device for any purpose while driving. This prohibition applies to hands-free devices as well.

More recent changes to the Illinois statute forbid any driver, regardless of age, from using a cell phone in a designated school speed zone or in a construction or maintenance speed zone. Effective January 1, 2013, the ban on cell phone use by everyone will be extended to any roadway undergoing construction or maintenance, not just those with reduced speed limits. Another recent amendment to this statute prohibits use of cell phones by everyone within 500 feet of an “emergency scene” (defined as one where an authorized emergency vehicle is present and has activated its flashing lights).[xiv]

Since January 1, 2003, school bus drivers in Illinois have not been permitted to operate a school bus while using a “cellular radio communication device” under Section 625 ILCS 5/12-813.1(b).[xv]

Effective in Illinois on January 1, 2013, all commercial drivers will be barred from texting or using hand-held cell phones while driving.[xvi] This brings Illinois in line with federal regulations from the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) and the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) that went into effect January 3, 2012.[xvii]

While commercial drivers were already subject to the Illinois no-texting law (applicable to all who “operate a motor vehicle”)[xviii], this recent amendment is more detailed in several respects, and a violation carries more serious consequences than the existing no-texting law. Violators of the new texting and hand-held provisions are subject to penalties under the Uniform Commercial Driver’s License Act (UCDLA). A second violation within three years qualifies as a Class B misdemeanor, subjecting the violator to a possible prison sentence of up to six months and/or a fine of up to $1,500.[xix]

A company or individual employing commercial drivers is obliged to “not allow or require its drivers to engage in texting while driving a commercial motor vehicle.”[xx] As a result, a motor carrier (employer) will need to have policies and procedures against use of texting and hand-held devices by its commercial drivers, and will also have to be careful to monitor and enforce compliance with these policies.

In the past few years, the legislative crackdown on cell phone and electronic device use has expanded rapidly. It is expected to continue to do so at all governmental levels. In September 2012, the Governors Highway Safety Association (GHSA), a well-respected and influential nationwide group, amended its policy to encourage lawmaking bodies everywhere to ban all hand-held cell phone use while driving, regardless of the driver’s age or type of vehicle.[xxi]

What to Do If You’re the Victim of “Distracted Driving”

If you are involved in an accident and know, or suspect, that the other driver was using a cell phone, or was engaged in one of the other types of “distracted driving,” you should inform the police and request that they follow up. While the current traffic crash report form in most states does not have a specific category dealing with cell phone use or distracted driving, most police officers will note your comments on the report.

In some instances, a police officer will view a driver’s cell phone to determine if it was in use at the time in question. If the officer does this, ask that the results be put in the report. It’s also helpful to know the cell phone number, the wireless carrier providing the service (Verizon, AT&T, etc.), and the name of the person or company that owns the account.

No law requires that wireless phone providers keep message detail records for a particular length of time. If preserving such a record is important in your situation, you may wish to consult a personal injury attorney.


[vii] International Assn for the Wireless Telecommunications Industry


Other websites may show different numbers for states with legislation on this topic; one source listing info on “distracted driving” laws in all states is the Governors Highway Safety Association (GHSA) at; see also the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) at

[ix] For example, in Illinois, the definition of “mobile telephone” does not include citizens band or two-way radio services — see 625 ILCS 5/6-500. Further, almost every statute or regulation provides for various exceptions, primarily related to emergency-type situations.

[x] At the local level in Illinois, restrictions in addition to the statewide statutes include a Chicago ordinance passed in 2005 requiring all drivers talking on a mobile phone to use a hands-free device. Numerous other municipalities, mostly Chicago suburbs, have enacted restrictions on cell phone usage. In the spring of 2012, Evanston was considering a total ban on electronic devices while driving, including those that can be used hands-free.

[xii] For commercial drivers, as of January 1, 2013, the definition of “texting” in 625 ILCS 5/6-500 (32) includes “….pressing more than a single button to initiate or terminate a voice communication using a mobile telephone…”

[xiv] This prohibition in 625 ILCS 5/12-610.1(e) regarding an “emergency scene” does not apply to “a person using an electronic communication device for the sole purpose of reporting an emergency situation and continued communication with emergency personnel during the emergency situation.”

[xviii] The no-texting law is contained in 625 ILCS 5/12-610.2(b); “motor vehicle” is defined in 625 ILCS 5/1-146

[xix] 625 ILCS 5/6-524(a)

[xx] 625 ILCS 5/6-527(b)




© 2012 by David J. Loughnane and Suzanne M. Stevens

Monday, October 22nd, 2012

Richard G. Flood Named Illinois Super Lawyer for 7th Time

Richard G. FloodRichard G. Flood, a named partner in McHenry County’s largest law firm, Zukowski, Rogers, Flood & McArdle, was named a 2012 “Illinois Super Lawyer” by SuperLawyers®, a rating service of outstanding lawyers from more than 70 practice areas who have attained a high degree of peer recognition and professional achievement.

Flood received this distinction, given to only 5 percent of Illinois lawyers, for the first time in 2005. His practice includes divorce and family law, local government law, civil litigation, and land use.

Flood also has been named an Illinois Leading Lawyer for several years, where he serves as an advisory board member. He has been selected by his peers in the areas of family law; governmental, municipal, lobbying and administrative law; land use, zoning and condemnation law; and both commercial and residential real estate law. Flood also consistently receives Martindale-Hubbell’s highest rating, AV® Preeminent™.

An honors graduate of the University of Illinois and Chicago-Kent College of Law, Illinois Institute of Technology, Flood is admitted to practice in Illinois. He also practices before the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois and the 7th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. He is a member of the Federal Trial Bar.

Flood represents municipalities with 500 to 35,000 residents. He co-authored, with Ruth Alderman Schlossberg, Congratulations! You’ve Been Elected: Now What Do You Do? A Practical Guide to Local Government. During his family law career, Flood has handled more than 1,000 matters, many of which involved high net worth individuals and significant financial issues.

Zukowski, Rogers, Flood & McArdle serves clients especially in Northern Illinois and Southern Wisconsin from offices in Crystal Lake, Chicago and Oak Brook. To learn more about ZRFM’s Super Lawyer, please view Richard Flood’s professional credentials. For more information about Zukowski, Rogers, Flood & McArdle or to arrange a meeting with one of our attorneys, please visit our contact page so we may respond to your inquiry promptly.

Thursday, October 18th, 2012

ZRFM Lawyers to Address Illinois Municipal League Conference

Richard G. FloodSeveral lawyers from Zukowski, Rogers, Flood & McArdle will speak on Saturday, Oct. 20, at the 99th annual convention of the Illinois Municipal League. The gathering takes place Oct. 18-20 at the Hilton Chicago Hotel, 720 South Michigan Ave.

Between 1:30 and 2:30 p.m., Ryan P. Farrell, Kelly A. Cahill and Ruth A. Schlossberg will make presentations at a session titled “Redeveloping Distressed Properties: Clearing Out the Backlog in Order to Move Forward.” The trio will be joined by John Green, director of the special asset group at Home State Bank in Crystal Lake. Illinois State Rep. Thaddeus Jones, who also is a Calumet City alderman, will moderate the session.

Among the topics to be discussed are the nuts and bolts of calling letters of credit or bonds to complete infrastructure improvements, the need to work out underlying development agreements, and distressed property challenges such as demolition and property maintenance.

Between 2:45 and 3:45 p.m., Richard G. Flood and Schlossberg will make presentations at a session titled “Open Meetings Act and FOIA in the Internet Age.” They will be joined by Matt Rogina, an assistant attorney general for the public access counselor’s bureau.

The session will use realistic, hypothetical situations. Rich Flood, a member of the 2012 Illinois Municipal League Resolutions Committee, will act as moderator. Both of the sessions featuring ZRFM attorneys will take place in Northwest Stevens 5 on the hotel’s lower level, north.

Zukowski, Rogers, Flood & McArdle is the largest law firm in McHenry County, Illinois. For more than 50 years, the firm has represented banks and represented local government units. The firm has offices in Crystal Lake, Chicago and Oak Brook. Please view our contact page if you have any questions for our lawyers or other professionals.

Tuesday, August 14th, 2012

Schlossberg Appointed to ISBA Local Government Section

Ruth Alderman Schlossberg has been appointed to the Local Government Law Section Council of the Illinois State Bar Association.

Schlossberg is one of 30 attorneys on the council, but the only lawyer in private practice in McHenry County, Illinois. Zukowski, Rogers, Flood & McArdle is the county’s largest law firm.

Schlossberg has practiced law for more than 20 years and has focused on local government law since 2003 for cost-conscious clients in McHenry and Lake counties. A graduate of the University of Michigan, Schlossberg also studied at the London School of Economics. She earned a juris doctor from Yale Law School.

According to the ISBA, the Local Government Law Section Council’s mission is to:

  • enhance the knowledge and professional capabilities of lawyers who devote time to the practice of the law relating to units of local government.
  • disseminate information and comment on legislative and judicial developments and their impact on units of local government.
  • make recommendations on legislation.
  • develop and communicate ideas to improve the functioning of units of local government.

With Richard G. Flood, Schlossberg co-authored the book Congratulations! You’ve Been Elected: Now What Do You Do? A Practical Guide to Local Government. The guide, published by the Illinois Municipal League, offers local public officials advice to help them “hit the ground running” and succeed in new leadership positions.

For Schlossberg’s professional credentials, please view Ruth Alderman Schlossberg’s biography. You may also wish to view her Illinois Municipal League conference video presentation, delivered with ZRFM local government law attorneys Richard G. Flood and Kelly A. Cahill

More information about the council can be found on the ISBA Local Government Law Section Council website.